Murchison Falls National Park (MFNP) is Uganda’s largest national park, located in the north-western Uganda and it measures approximately 3,893 square kilometres (1,503 sq mi). The park is divided into two by the Victoria Nile from east to west for a distance of about 115 kilometres (71 mi).
The park is the location of the Murchison Falls, where the waters of the Nile flow through a narrow gorge only 7 metres (23 ft) wide before plunging 43 metres (141 ft).
Also in the park, adjacent to the Masindi-Gulu Highway, are the Karuma Falls, the location of the 600 megawatt Karuma Power Station, which will be Uganda’s largest power station when it comes online circa 2018.
The Murchison falls national park in Uganda is fully managed by the Ugandan Wildlife Authority a government agency that is control of wildlife and environmental resource conservation.
Together with the adjacent 748 square kilometres (289 sq mi) Bugungu Wildlife Reserve and the 720 square kilometres (280 sq mi) Karuma Wildlife Reserve, the park forms the Murchison Falls Conservation Area (MFCA).
Brief Historical Facts of the Mighty Murchison Falls National Park
The explorers James Grant and John Speke were on record the first Europeans to visit the present day MFCA in 1862. It was more thoroughly explored by Samuel and Florence Baker in 1863-4. It was Baker named these falls Murchison Falls after the geologist Roderick Murchison, then the president of the Royal Geographical Society.
Between the years of 1907 and 1912, the inhabitants within this area of about 13,000 square kilometres (5,000 sq mi) were evacuated due to sleeping sickness an epidemic spread by tsetse flies. In 1910, the Bunyoro Game Reserve was created south of the River Nile. That area roughly corresponds to the part of the MFNP that is in the districts of Buliisa, Masindi, and Kiryandongo and in 928, the boundaries were extended north of the river into the modern-day Nwoya District.
In 1952, the British administration established the National Parks Act of Uganda. The area described above became Murchison Falls National Park.
Activities in Murchison Falls National Park
- Game Drives
- Boat Rides for Game Viewing
- Cultural Encounters
- Hiking and Nature Walks
- Chimpanzee Tracking
- Hot air balloons
The Eco-system and Wildlife In Murchison Falls National Park
The Park being adjacent to Bugondo Forest Reserve which has about 76 species of mammals as well as Uganda’s largest population of Nile crocodiles. 450 bird species are present ranging from easy variety of waterbirds, including the rare shoe-billed stork, Budongo’s 59 “restricted range” species, dwarf kingfisher, Goliath heron, white-thighed hornbill and great blue turaco
NOTE: Since 2005, the protected area is considered a Lion Conservation Unit